Modified on: 20/09/2022
There are 75 varieties of certified hemp sativa seeds. Here is the complete list…
There are thousands of uses for hemp, and its benefits are well known to the public. It is why the prejudice against hemp and its derivatives is being abandoned a little more every day, while interest continues to grow.
For this reason, both hemp in general and its seeds are subject to regulations and continuous legislative updates in Europe and around the world that regulate their use, cultivation and consumption. In Europe, there are currently 75 certified varieties of hemp Sativa seeds that can be legally cultivated for industrial purposes, according to the update of 8 April 2021.
The only legal requirement regarding cultivating these varieties for industrial purposes is the THC content. This active ingredient may be contained in the plant up to a maximum of 0.06%. This is because this active ingredient has a psychotropic function. Therefore, it cannot be present in large quantities in legally cultivated varieties of hemp.
However, it should be noted that we are currently talking about varieties that are legal to be grown for industrial purposes according to European legislation. If we look at light hemp seeds in Italy, those that can be bought (also on our website SensorySeeds) are only usable for collecting purposes.
Read also: Cannabis leaf burn: triggers and prevention
But what are the legal varieties of hemp sativa seeds available on the market? Here they are listed below:
- Austa SK
- Dacia Secuieni
- Dioica 88
- Earlina 8 FC
- Eletta Campana
- Epsilon 68
- Fedora 17
- Felina 32
- Fibror 79
- Futura 75
- Futura 83
- KC Bonusz
- KC Dora
- KC Virtus
- KC Zuzana
- KCA Borana
- Kompolti ibrido TC
- Lovrin 110
- MGC 1013
- Orion 33
- Santhica 23
- Santhica 27
- Santhica 70
- Secuieni Jubileu
- Uniko B
Monoecious and dioecious varieties
Among these seed varieties that can be legally used for industrial purposes, we have two significant subgroups: monoecious and dioecious varieties. These have different characteristics in terms of the type of crop and the end product sought from them.
Dioecious varieties: these varieties have plants with unisexual flowers on different plants so that we will have a male plant and a female plant. They are usually used to produce hemp fibre, biomass, hemp pellets or inflorescences. Let’s take a look at the characteristics of some of these varieties:
- Selected Carmagnola: this is mainly used to obtain textile fibre and is therefore selected using the Bredemann method, which allows the fibre content of the male plants to be analysed before flowering starts to maximise it as much as possible.
- Eletta Campana: this is an Italian variety that is also one of the most widely used. It is the result of crossing Carmagnola with some German species and is mainly used for biomass production, although recently, it has also been used to produce seeds and inflorescences. It develops more resin than average, giving it a very intense aroma and scent.
Monoecious varieties: Monoecious plants also have unisexual flowers, but on the same plant. Their primary use is to produce other seeds, i.e., hemp flour and oil. Here are some types:
- Use 31: This is a Ukrainian variety with early flowering and is mainly used to produce seeds. The predominance of flowers is male, which guarantees a large production of seeds.
- Futura 75: a French variety that adapts very well to Italian soil. It has a height of about 2-3 metres and intermediate flowering. It is mainly used for seed development but is also satisfactory for biomass production.
Hoping you enjoyed this informative article and reminding you that it is illegal to grow cannabis in UK, we invite you to visit our Sensoryseeds store, specialising in selling cannabis seeds online.
We look forward to seeing you on Sensoryseeds.com!