Cannabis varieties: what are the differences between different types of marijuana?

Cannabis varieties: what are the differences ?

Published on: 13/05/2023


Cannabis is a plant that arouses many mixed emotions in our country.

Some do not consider it a threat and continue to push for its gradual legalization, taking as an example many other countries in which its consumption is totally legal, while it’s completely legal buy weed seeds. Others, however, continue to view it with suspicion and fear that any form of openness toward this plant could lead to negative consequences.

For this reason, the topic of ‘cannabis’ is treated with extreme caution, a choice that certainly does not contribute to the free circulation of information about this plant that so many enthusiasts would like to know more about.

It is precisely for them that we have decided to publish this article in which we will explain what varieties of marijuana exist in the world and what characteristics distinguish them.

Cannabis Sativa

Sativa cannabis is probably the best known of all.

It is native to tropical and subtropical regions of the northern hemisphere, such as Africa, Asia and Central America and is distinguished by its long, thin leaves and large, spike-shaped inflorescences. The specimens of this variety are quite tall and can reach heights of up to 5 meters.

Regarding its effects on humans, cannabis Sativa has remarkable psychoactive properties that cause euphoria and cause the so-called ‘high’ effect. For this reason, in countries where its consumption is permitted, it is generally used by those seeking creative stimuli and positive sensations.

Growing Sativa cannabis generally takes longer than other strains, as its flowering cycles are longer. However, crops can be very generous in terms of yield and quality. Cannabis Sativa can be grown both outdoors and in a greenhouse, but requires adequate sun exposure and a warm climate to thrive.

Read also: 3 tips for long-term storage of cannabis


Marihuana Indica, Sativa, Ruderalis

Cannabis Indica

Indica cannabis is native to some regions of Asia characterized by a cold and dry climate such as the Himalayas and Tibet. Due to the low temperatures to which it is usually subjected, this variety has physical characteristics that clearly distinguish it from the Sativa: it has large dark green leaves, small and very dense inflorescences and its dimensions are smaller than the previous one.

Cannabis Indica is known for its relaxing and sedative effects, slangily described with the term ‘stoned’, which make it ideally more suitable for evening consumption, only where this is legal, of course.

The cultivation of this variety can be done both indoors and outdoors, taking care to ensure a cool temperature for the plants, and requires less time than the Sativa, as its flowering cycles are shorter. However, crops can be less generous in terms of yield.


Cannabis Ruderalis

Ruderalis cannabis is typical of Eastern Europe and Central Asia and, therefore, commonly grows in countries such as Russia and Mongolia, also characterized by a cold and dry climate like those from which the Indica variety originates.

Its leaves are quite small and light green in color. The buds are less dense than the Indica and the height is also lower than that of its ‘cousins’.

Ruderalis cannabis is known for its ability to auto-flower, such as a king of auto flower seeds, i.e. to ripen based on the growth time and not on the hours of light. This feature makes it the easiest variety to grow and more resistant to adverse weather conditions than all the others. However, Ruderalis cannabis contains relatively low concentrations of THC, a quality that makes it popular with growers of low-tetrahydrocannabinol specimens but, at the same time, undesirable for those wishing to grow plants with strong psychoactive effects.

Cannabis hybrids

Cannabis hybrids are strains that have been created by crossing different specimens of Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis.

But why are they grown?

Cannabis hybrids

Simple: to exploit the advantages of each of the parental varieties, such as a higher yield, a higher potency of the substances contained or a higher resistance to diseases. By crossing specimens with these characteristics, it is possible to create a new plant that has them all.

Based on the type of ‘breeding’ of cannabis (as the activity of those who cross different specimens is called in jargon), hybrids can be classified into:

Sativa-dominant strain;

Indica-dominant strain;

Ruderalis-dominant strain;

Balanced strain.

Read also: What is cannabis supercropping and how is it done?

In conclusion

In this article, we have outlined the main characteristics of existing cannabis strains, explaining how they differ from each other and what are the reasons that make them popular.

Right now we are certainly in the era of hybrids and the distinction between Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis, from a certain point of view, is starting to lose meaning. By now any specimen that is cultivated has characteristics that belong to more than one type and it is very complicated to classify it in an absolute way by making it fall into one of the three categories described above.

I hope this content helped you to learn more about cannabis varieties and their characteristics, but how about getting familiar with marijuana seeds too?

Take a look at those available on our shop: here on Sensoryseeds you will find excellent quality feminized, auto flowering and fast flowering seeds to put a collection together that will make everyone envious!